1. So sánh bằng: có “as…as”.
Ex: I have as many friends as you.
few (sau few/a few luôn là danh từ số nhiều)
I have as much money as you.
Lưu ý: few ≠ a few, little ≠ a little.
2. So sánh hơn: có “than”.
Ex: Tom is taller than Peter.
Mary is more beautiful than Susan.
=> Nếu hơn nhiều thì dùng “much/far” để nhấn mạnh.
Ex: Tom is much/far taller than Peter.
Mary is much/far more beautiful than Susan.
3. So sánh nhất: có “the”.
tall => the tallest (tính từ ngắn).
beautiful => the most beautiful (tính từ dài).
Ex: Tom is the tallest boy in the family.
Mary is the most beautiful of the three sisters.